STIs and STDs
STI & STD Information
Sexually transmitted diseases/infections can be a serious concern. Left untreated, infections can cause irreversible damage to your reproductive system. STIs can be passed onto newborns during childbirth if the mother is infected and remains untreated. They can also be passed from person to person during sexual activity (e.g. vaginal, oral and anal sex, outercourse or mutual masturbation).
STIs can be transmitted through bodily fluids and, in some cases, skin-to-skin contact. It’s important to remember that not everyone infected with an STI will experience signs or symptoms. But STIs/STDs can still cause severe damage, and can be passed on to your partner(s) without your knowledge. You don’t need to be experiencing symptoms to be contagious. You can spread the infection at any time.
→ STDs and STIs… What’s the difference?
The terms STD (sexually transmitted disease) and STI (sexually transmitted infection) are often used interchangeably. But do you know the difference?
The term “STI” is used to describe the presence of an infection in the body, which may or may not be accompanied by symptoms. The term “STD” on the other hand, describes an infection that has caused damage in a person’s body- though, like sexually transmitted infections, an STD may or may not be accompanied by symptoms.
STI is the broader of the two terms. All STDs are STIs, though not all STIs become STDs.
→ What About Abortion
If not treated prior to an abortion, these infections may cause serious health problems. During an abortion, these organisms can be carried from the vagina into the uterus. When this occurs, a second condition called Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) may develop.
Immediate symptoms of PID can be mild and even non-existent, but the effects can be long lasting. According to the CDC, 1 in 8 women with a history of PID experience difficulty getting pregnant. PID is known to cause scarring of the Fallopian tubes, increasing the risk of an ectopic/tubal pregnancy. This may result in serious maternal complications, even death.
The Centers for Disease Control can provide you with accurate and up-to-date information on each STI.